A Short-Term Guide to Navigating A Financial Crisis
By Chris Capellan, TrustPlus Financial Coach
If you’re like many of TrustPlus’ clients, the last few months likely have been a trying time, and you’ve been doing the best to get by. Perhaps you or someone in your family may have lost a job, access to reliable childcare, or God-forbid, a loved one. Expenses may have gone up, like groceries and electricity, because your kids are home all day and doing remote schooling. You may be stressed about money, feeling overwhelmed, and unsure how to start planning for a future that is so full of uncertainty and unanswered questions.
You are not alone.
Based on our conversations with hundreds of clients in this situation to date, we’ve put together a brief summary guide that we hope can help you: prioritize your expenses, identify resources that you may now qualify for, and make a plan to help you get through this time.
Assess expenses. Conduct extreme triage with your expenses: Consider freezing or canceling subscription services. As you look at each expense, ask yourself, what are the consequences of not paying that expense? If the consequence is unknown, seek out a professional who can help you plan. If the consequence is known and you can live with it, cut that expense for now.
Flexibility and liquidity. Consider how flexible those expenses are and whether they need to be paid via cash or credit. Is there a grace period? How lenient is the creditor? Is negotiation possible? Can those expenses be trimmed? It may be possible to take advantage of hardship relief programs that could reduce or even freeze payments and late fees. Does it require a cash payment? Can it go on a credit card? If your cash is limited, consider putting what you can on credit and reserve the cash for an emergency.
Your food and nutrition. As financial coaches, we’ll always tell you that no bill is as important as this. A few ways you can make this cost more manageable include:
- SNAP assistance (food stamps) — Some requirements have been eliminated so that more people can receive them. Some localities, like NYC, are providing SNAP cards to every family with children, regardless of income. Check out Benefits Kitchen, a to-the-dollar screening for 18 federal, state, and local benefits in eight states (AZ, CA, LA, NJ, NY, TX, VA) to see if you qualify.
- Food banks or food pantries provide free food to folks in need. Find the closest food bank near you.
- For additional ways to spend less money on food, The Kitchn has a helpful guide.
Your Home. If your rent and meeting your rent obligations will be a challenge, contact a legal service provider to learn about your rights and your options. Some cities have a moratorium on evictions, and others have recently launched rental assistance programs. Check out our Housing Assistance Guide for more information on options in your area. If you own and your mortgage will be a challenge, contact your mortgage lender. Mortgage servicers have a lot more flexibility these days than they might initially tell you, so it’ll be helpful to get an advocate on your team like a HUD Certified Housing Counselor or a legal service provider.
Your Utilities. Consider your internet and cell phone service part of necessary utilities as access to information is more important than ever. Many providers have pledged to support consumers in keeping services going. This is especially true if you have students at home. Communication is a high priority due to the need for information during this global crisis. Reach out to your cell phone provider to ask about how you can reduce your monthly bill and to make sure you know their policies for suspension of services. When you reach out, ask for more affordable plans, downsize the package, ask if they can offer free access (yes, seriously! Especially if you have students in your home). For example, Verizon gave out 16GB of data for no charge. Check our Findhelp.org to find out what carriers (as well as energy, water, sewer, and trash removal services) are offering in your area.
Your Transportation. This is the biggest expense that changes from family to family, place to place. Is there flexibility here? If you have a car note, see if you can speak with your lender about flexibility in your payments. Be careful of predatory lenders and title loans. If someone offers you a solution that involves taking out a new loan, be careful; the terms might not have your best interest in mind. Reach out to a financial coach who can help you evaluate the loan terms.
Your Credit. In normal times, over-reliance on credit is certainly not advisable. But these aren’t normal times and your approach to credit should reflect that. A few ways you can use your credit while protecting yourself and your credit (just as one would tuck and roll to help minimize the impact of falling down) include:
- Review your credit cards and group according to your current balances. Have you maxed out certain cards and are short on cash? Call the credit card companies of the maxed-out cards first to ask to postpone your payments. In a worst-case scenario, the credit cards with little to no available credit limit left would be the ones you stop paying first.
- Preserve at least one card for ongoing expenses. For the next group of cards, ask yourself “Which card(s) do you still have a decent credit limit to run on?” Say you have a $5,000 limit, but only a $1,000 balance and your minimum payment is $80. While your income remains completely unpredictable, pay the minimum on this card to preserve access to your credit limit. That $80 minimum might mean you can spend $300 in groceries to feed your family, which is the right decision in the short run. While paying off credit in this way is not sustainable, neither are the financial realities of the pandemic. People will either work hard to figure out how to bring some kind of normalcy to their income, or that credit card lifeline will eventually suffer the same fate as other maxed-out credit cards. This is not an inevitability and there’s a lot of planning that can be done beforehand, so speak to one of us if this is what you’re facing.
- For additional tips on negotiating with a creditor, consider this helpful guide.
Student loan debt. Federal student loan borrowers do not need to take any action to suspend payments: Your federal student loan servicer should have suspended all payments through December 31 without any action from you. But if you have a Perkins loan, Federal Family Education Loan, or a private loan, call your servicer to see what your repayment options are.
Assess Your Income
Emergency Relief Programs. Are there any emergency relief programs assisting you? Do you qualify for any cash relief programs? How can you make the most of that extra income? Talk to a financial coach for some recommendations.
Economic Impact Payments (EIP). File for your income taxes, if you haven’t already, especially if you can anticipate a refund.
Unemployment Benefits. Benefits have been extended to people that were traditionally ineligible, like gig workers. While the initial $600 in extended benefits has expired and it remains unclear where, when, and how long President Trump’s Executive Order for an additional $300 in extended benefits will go into effect, it’s still worthwhile to apply if you qualify. Unfortunately, this may take hundreds of calls. But hang in there! We recently had one client who, after trying several times to connect with the unemployment office, finally got through and will now be getting retroactive unemployment from when he first filed — nearly $8,000!
Update Skills or Incorporate New Industries. With all of the economic turbulence, many industries are suffering, particularly retail and the foodservice industry. But there may be some surprising opportunities that you may not have considered. This may also be a good time to update your skills to switch industries. Upwardly Global is offering free online job search and skill-building courses to help people impacted by COVID-19.
- What does it mean for your mental health if some bills or debts go unpaid?
- Will cash on hand bring you peace of mind?
- 6 months from now, will interest or additional debt feel like money well spent to help you get through the crisis — or a big setback?
- If you defer a payment today when will the payment be due? How much will it cost you tomorrow in interest or fees?
- What is vulnerable today versus tomorrow?
Make a Plan
Track Your Cash Flow. Check your spending weekly and make sure you have a budget that can help you see what’s coming in and out.
- Use an app like Mint or your bank’s app to help you to quickly see summaries, categories, and scheduled expenses.
- Write down a list of all your bills and their due dates. Will you have enough coming in when they are due?
- Are there any automatic payments coming out? Does that still work for you?
- We typically love automatic payments because you can schedule them and know that you won’t get a late fee. But if it’s going to stretch you too thin, we might take a different approach.
Get Organized. Create the paper trail. This is especially important when in communication with landlords and other creditors.
- Create a document or email yourself with verbal updates.
- Create a folder with communication from your creditors.
- Confirm they are making a note on the account.
- Send a follow-up email to customer service or somewhere confirming the agreement.
- Make a note of bills or costs that have been deferred so they do not surprise or overwhelm you when they’re due.
- Document the financial impact of the coronavirus. Hold on to any documents about changes in work status and keep receipts for COVID-related purchases.
Take Action Today
Write a short action step so that you can start doing today to feel in control of your finances.
I will _____________________________________ (the action you want to take) by____________________________________________________ (date).
I will accomplish this by ______________________________________(doing something specific).
I will call my credit card company to get a hardship plan by the 10th of next month (my credit card is due on the 17th). I will accomplish this by organizing my expenses and my bills.
Other ways you can take action include:
- Creating a written budget for your priorities and bills,
- Reviewing your credit report, or
- Trimming a variable expense or non-necessity until other expenses are stabilized.
These times are overwhelming, things are changing quickly, and there is a lot of uncertainty, so remember: there’s no one-size-fits-all answer; just do the best you can. And if you want more one-on-one guidance, speak with one of our financial coaches today.
Read the original article on Medium here.
TrustPlus is now offering our financial coaching services for free for the rest of the year to small businesses and their workers, as well as providing critical resources to protect workers and families impacted financially by COVID-19. Learn more about our relief efforts.